Unexplained weight loss
Most of us would be elated to have easy weight loss without efforts. But loss of weight more than 4 kg in a month, without any attempt to do so, should be investigated. Unexplained weight loss can be indicative of cancer of colon or other digestive tract, or even spread to liver unless not proven, which could affect appetite and digestion. It could be due to other reasons like hyperthyroidism etc. But investigation is warranted.
Hoarseness of voice, persistent cough, and difficulty in swallowing
Hoarseness and difficulty in swallowing can be associated with throat cancer or oesophageal cancer. It can be the first sign of lung cancer or thyroid cancer too. A persistent husky, rough voice with a feeling of fullness and something pressing in the throat can be an early marker of cancer and needs to be investigated. A cough along with common cold and flu is common; but, cough persistent for more than 3 weeks should not be overlooked. It can be indicative of throat or lung cancer especially in the case of smokers.
Indigestion, stomach upset, and chronic heartburn
Indigestion for no apparent reason may be a red flag. Bellyache sound normal; but, recurrent stomach upset and cramps may indicate colorectal cancer. The commonest sign of stomach cancer in an early stage is the pain in the upper or middle abdomen with gaseous distention or heartburn. Feeling of fullness and pain after eating small quantity, which is better by antacids, can be more than simple hyperacidity. Chronic acidity with unexplained abdominal pain calls for a visit to a doctor.
Blood in the wrong place or excess bleeding
Abnormal swelling and lumps
Spots and patches on the tongue and inside the mouth demand for attention. Leukoplakia is a precancerous condition marked by white patches on inner side of the cheeks. It can advance to cancer. This is usually caused due to smoking, chewing tobacco, gutka, masheri etc and usually diagnosed at dental visit. Recurrent mouth ulcers called as aphthae are common due to deficiency of vitamin D. But recurrent non-healing ulcers in mouth should be taken seriously.
Changes in the breast:
Find out 10 drinks to avoid during summer. Think before you choose to supplement water with any other drink.